Terminal Puente Aereo dell’ aeroporto internazionale El Dorado di Bogotà.
BERNARDO JARAMILLO OSSA Murdered on March 22, 1990 in the airport of Bogotá, during the election campaign for the Presidency of the Republic. Link with the UP: President of UP from 1987 to 1990, presidential candidate for the UP in 1990, Senator of the Republic in 1990, UP Regional Deputy in Antioquia. Description: He was born September 2, 1955 in Manizales. As a young man was involved in the political life of the region of Antioquia, where he contributed to the birth of UP and was one of its main leaders. His skills soon brought him to the top of the party, to run for the Presidency of the Republic in 1990. It was just filling colombian squares with its ideas of democratic, when was murdered preparing himself to catch a flight to Santa Marta. March 22, 1990 Bernardo arrived at 7.30 at Terminal Puente Aereo at International Airport El Dorado of Bogotá, accompanied by his girlfriend, 11 guards of the state department of security, two policemen and two bodyguards of UP. A 17 year old boy opened fire inside the airport with a machine gun Miningram caliber 9 mm, and wound Bernardo with 4 shots in the chest, leaving him dead after a few minutes of agony in the arms of his companion. For the murder of Bernardo Jaramillo they were sentenced as instigators brothers Fidel and Carlos Castaño, paramilitary leaders in the region of Antioquia. March 15, 2010, the Judiciary of the State declared the murder of Bernardo Jaramillo is a crime against humanity, along with 33 other cases of the UP.
Ufficio di Gabriel Jaime Santamaria nel palazzo della Regione di Antioquia a Medellin.
GABRIEL JAIME SANTAMARIA Assassinated on October 27, 1989 in his office inside the building of the Regional Gouvernment of Antioquia in Medellín. Link with the UP: President of the UP in the region of Antioquia in 1985. UP Regional Deputy since 1986. Description: He was born on November 20, 1946 in Medellín. Gabriel began his political activity at 18 years old in the Communist Party of Medellin. Married and father of two young daughters, he entered the UP in 1985 as a regional manager. On 17 December 1987, survived an attack with machine guns and a grenade while he was driving his car. Only after a year of therapy began to walk again, but still suffering of a partial paralysis of the body. In the afternoon of October 27, 1989 was killed with two shots from a firearm in his office inside the building of the Regional Gouvernment in Medellín. The bodyguard of the State immediately killed the gunman, a 20 year old son of a neighbor of Gabriel. The former paramilitary called Don Berna revealed from his extradition in the United States that the murder was ordered by Carlos Castano, known paramilitary leader, and built with the help of the of State Security Department.
Edificio Bonanza 1 in Carrera 24 con calle 35, nel barrio Santa Ines di Villaviciencio.
JOSÉ RODRIGO OROZCO Murdered on November 26, 1992 in front of his his home in Villavicencio. Link with the UP: Mayor of the town of Puerto Rico for Up 1986 to 1988, Deputy Regional Meta UP in 1990-1992. Description: He was born in the region of Meta in 1956, recognized teacher and political leader. He married Maria Mercedes Mendez in 1979, who was mayor of the municipality of El Castillo for the UP just as he had been elected as a regional deputy. Due to the risk and the constant threats they sent their four daughters to live with a friend in another part of the country. Meria Mercedes was murdered six months before him in the massacre of Cano Sibao, when were killed four other leaders of the UP. November 26, 1992 José was coming back home in the barrio of Santa Ines Villaviciencio, when two gunmen on board of a red Suzuki motorbike hit him with five shots. The killers were accompanied by two police officers who were transferred the next day. The bodyguards which was entrusted José had been revoked the previous week.
Incrocio tra la Av. 1 de mayo e Carrera 22 Sur a Bogotà.
JULIO ALFONSO POVEDA Murdered on February 17, 1999 in his car in the south of Bogotá. Link with the UP: Founder and leader of the UP, leader of the peasant movement and trade unionist. Description: He was born on May 24, 1924 in Bogotá. He distinguished himself for his commitment as a leader of the peasant movement and the agricultural cooperatives in different regions of Colombia. During his life was constantly threatened, arbitrarily detained for 17 days and tortured. It was on this occasion that brought permanent damage to the spine. On 17 February 1999 he was heading to a medical appointment with his wife and the driver, when they were joined by two motorbikes and a car at a traffic light between Av. 1 de mayo and Carrera 22 Sur. The gunmen opened fire killing Julio with 5 headshots and injuring the driver and his wife Sofia Tulia. During the wake made to the city council of Bogotá an anonymous call denounced the presence of a bomb and the guests had to leave the room. A month later, the family home was riddled with bullets firearm and his wife and five children had to move. In 2013, the State Council has condemned the Colombian Ministry of Defense and the Army for failing to protect the right to life in the context of the murder of Julio Alfonso Poveda.
Autostrada Medellin - Bogotà
JORGE ENRIQUE SOTO Disappeared on July 15, 1986 along the highway Medellín - Bogotá. Link with the UP: party militant and student leader. Description: He was born in Bogotá on June 20, 1961. He spent his youth in the region of Urabá, where he was regional secretary of the youth of UP. After repeated threats and arbitrary detention by the army decided to move to Medellín where he collaborated with the newspaper Voz. On 15 July 1986 he left with his friend and activist Germán Arturo Garro to assist a meeting of the party in Bogotá. After a last phone call to her parents to ask about his 2 year old daughter, he never called again his family members. Jorge and his friend Germán never arrived in Bogotá. In the following years the parents and the three brothers were constantly threatened and forced several times to change the city.
Caso collettivo 11.227
The extermination of the Union Patriotica in Colombia.
On 12 March 1997, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights opened against the Colombian State the case 11,227 about the extermination of the Colombian political party Patriotic Union and its supporters.
The Patriotic Union was founded in 1985 as part of peace negotiations between the Marxist-Leninist inspired rebel groups FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) and ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional) and President Belisario Betancur. The new movement stood for election in 1986 and won the greatest share of votes ever achieved by a left-wing party in Colombia. Nonetheless, between 1986 and 2006, two presidential candidates, eight congressmen, 13 state deputies, 70 councillors, 11 mayors and approximately 3,000 militants were assassinated by paramilitary groups and members of State security forces. What might have initially looked like a coincidence was progressively revealed to be a systematic persecution intended to eliminate the party and instil terror among its supporters. The 95% of the crimes committed between 1986 and 2006 have gone completely unpunished.
Pietro Paolini has tackled the most significant facts of this dramatic affair, reconstructing the stories of various cases of homicide, massacres, forced disappearance and exile filed with the Inter-American Court. Through different visual testimonies – put together by photographing the places where the events occurred, depicting landscapes and details and collecting material obtained from the families themselves or public archives – Pietro Paolini has reconstructed the complex events, analysing their systematic and ferocious nature, and making every single affair humane and personal.